CBN glossary

June 15, 2020

Ingrid Carquille

 

Whether you are familiar with hemp-derived products or not, discovering CBN is like discovering “Gold” in a world of cannabis. In a nutshell CBN is an all-natural compound found in the hemp plant. 

In an effort to ease your journey through the scientific world around CBN, we gathered the main terms you may find useful on our website.

If you have further questions on CBN terminology, feel free to reach out to us at info@slumbercbn.com.

Cannabis (1): 

a tall Asian herb (Cannabis sativa of the family Cannabaceae, the hemp family) that has a tough fiber and is often separated into a tall loosely branched species (C. sativa) and a low-growing densely branched species (C. indica

 

Hemp(1): 

a tall widely cultivated Asian herb (Cannabis sativa of the family Cannabaceae, the hemp family) that is cultivated for its tough bast fiber and edible seeds and oil and that is often separated into a tall loosely branched species (C. sativa) and a low-growing densely branched species (C. indica)

 

Marijuana(1):

the psychoactive dried resinous flower buds and leaves of the female hemp or cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa or C. indica) that contain high levels of THC and are smoked, vaped, or ingested (as in baked goods) especially for their intoxicating effect

 

Psychoactive (2): 

designating or of a drug, chemical, etc. that has a specific effect on the mind

Psychotropic (2): 

having an altering effect on the mind, as tranquilizers, hallucinogens, etc.

Cannabinoid (1):

any of various naturally-occurring, biologically active, chemical constituents (such as cannabidiol or cannabinol) of hemp or cannabis including some (such as THC) that possess psychoactive properties. First Known Use of cannabinoid: 1967, in the meaning defined above

 

Major cannabinoid: 

cannabinoids found in high quantity in the cannabis plant – they are also the most popular like THC or CBD

 

Minor cannabinoid: 

cannabinoids that are found in very low quantities in the cannabis plant. They are by definition more rare and more expensive.

 

ECS (Endocannabinoid System):

This system is a network of messengers and receptors that works to regulate many important functions in the body : cognition, pain perception due to our after exercise, mood, appetite, recovery, and sleep.  Endocanabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors throughout the body.

It helps to maintain a stable internal environment, meaning your health.

The ECS is composed of 3 components: endocannabinoids, cannabinoids receptors (so far, 2 receptors have been researched from their effect on cannabinoids: CB1 and CB2) and metabolic enzymes. The enzymes destroy the endocannabinoids once they have been used and no longer needed.

 

Endocannabinoids: 

fat like molecules naturally produced by the body. They bind and activate cannabinoid receptors within the endocannabinoid system.

 

CB1 receptor:

CB1 receptors are located in the nervous system ( in the brain and the spinal cord)

THC primarily interacts with CB1 receptors

 

CB2 receptor:

CB2 receptor is mainly located in the immune tissues ( peripheral nervous system)

CBN and CBD primarily binds with CB2 receptors

 

THC, aka Δ 9 THC – delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol:

THC is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis, which has long been recognized as the main psychoactive ingredient—that is, the substance that causes users to experience a “marijuana high.

 

Δ ( delta) 8 THC : 

Delta-8-THC is chemically different from delta-9-THC by only a few atomic bonds. It is reported to bring relaxation just like THC, but with a slightly lower psychotropic effect.

 

CBD – Cannabidiol: 

The second most prevalent  cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, commonly used for those trying to relieve anxiety, inflammation, or relief after physical activity.

 

CBN – Cannabinol:

CBN is a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in aging cannabis (hemp and marijuana) plants. Over time or when exposed to intense oxygen or heat, the hemp’s molecules naturally convert into a new compound, CBN.

CBG – Cannabigerol:

A minor cannabinoid described as the “mother” of cannabinoids, as it is essential to produce other cannabinoids such as THC or CBD. 

Terpenes (3):

Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants, including cannabis. These aromatic compounds create the characteristic scent of many plants, such as pine, and lavender, as well as fresh orange peel.

 

Melatonin:

Melatonin is a natural hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle. It is primarily released by the pineal gland, a pea-sized gland situated above the middle of the brain. The body produces melatonin at peak levels during the night. Some people take a synthetic melatonin supplement to help with sleep.

 

GMP certified:

The acronym stands for Good Manufacturing Practices. GMP certified means that the manufacturer is compliant to international GMP standards.

 

Entourage effect:

The best way to describe the entourage effect is to quote Aristotle 

“The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.”

Cannabinoids and terpenes found in the cannabis plant all have different effects. It was reported through studies that when all the compounds work together, the final benefit is greater. This is known as the “Entourage Effect.”

 

SOURCES:

  1. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary
  2. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/
  3. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/what-are-terpenes

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